Carl Maria von Weber

INFORMATION

Artist Birtday : 18/11/1786 (Age 60)
Born In : Eutin, Germany
Occupation(s) : composer, pianist, orchestra conductor
Genres : opera
Web Site : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Maria_von_Weber

Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber, 18 or 19 November 1786, Eutin – 5 June 1826, London/ was baron, German composer, orchestra conductor, pianist and founder of the German romantic opera.

Weber was born in a family of a musician and theatre entrepreneur, who was always doing something. Weber’s childhood and youth had passed in wandering around Germany with the small theatre group of his father. Because of this Weber didn’t have a deep and systematic music preparation. Weber’s first piano teacher was Geshkel and Michael Haydn  was his theory teacher.

In 1789 Weber’s first works showed up – small fugues. After that, he became a student of Kalher – a famous organist in Munich. With the help of abbot Fogler Webber had a much detailed course about the theory of composition. His classmates were Meyerbeer and Gottfried Weber. „Die Macht der Liebe und des Weins“  (“The Power of Love and Wine”) was Weber’s first stage experience. Even though he wrote a lot during his youth, his first success came with „Das Waldmädchen“ (1800, Forest girl). The opera of the 14-years old composer had been seen in many stages in Europe and Russia. Later, Weber remade the opera and under the name “Silvana” and had a huge success in many German stages.

Weber wrote „Peter Schmoll und seine Nachbarn“ opera (1802, Peter Shmuel and his neighbours), symphonies, piano sonatas, cantata „Der erste Ton“ (The first tone),  „Abu Hasan“ opera (1811), played in different cities.

In 1804 Weber worked in Breslau, BaD Karlsruhe Carlsrue, Stuttgart, Mannheim, Мunich, Berlin and other opera theatres.

In 1805 he wrote Rubezahl under the story of I. Museus. In 1810 Weber wrote the opera “Silvana” and in 1813 he led the opera teatre in Prague.

1814 – Weber became popular after the compilation of Teodor Kerner’s poetry about war: „Lützows wilde Jagd“, „Schwertlied“ and cantata „Kampf und Sieg“ (1815) under the text of Wolbruch about the Waterlo battle.

The later written jubilee overture, masses in es and g, cantata were not that successful.

From 1817  till the end of his life Weber had led the German music teatre in Dresden.

1819 – since 1810 Weber had thought about the plot in “Der Freischütz” ( The Independent Archer), but in 1819 he had the chance to start writing, titled by Johan Fridrich Kind. “Der Freischütz” was put up in 1821 in Berlin led by the author and it was an unprecedented furore and Weber’s glory was at its height. “Our Archer has come home” – Weber wrote to Kind.  Beethoven was surprised by Weber’s work and said that he didn’t expect that from so “soft” person and Weber had to continue writing operas.

For a few months  “Der Freischütz” had been put up 50 times on stages in many German teatres, and later after that the popularity of the opera became worldwide. In Bulgaria the opera came up for a first time in 1930 in National Opera in Sofia led by Hermann Stange and Hristo Popov as a producer.

Before “Der Freischütz” in the same 1821 year was put up  “Preciosa” – opera on Wolf’s drama and Weber’s music.

In 1822 Weber had written the knightly-romantic opera “Evrianti” for 18 months on the proposal of the Wien Opera. But the success of this opera was not that big as the “Der Freischütz“. Weber’s last work was “Oberon”. After the London’s premiere in 1826 Weber got sick and later he died.

Weber is rightly considered as a German composer, who understood very deeply the meaning of national music and brought the German melody to a high artistic perfection. Weber remained faithful to the national tendency and in his operas we could see the base, which was used by Wagner in “Tannhäuser” and “Lohengrin”. In “Evrianta” we could feel the same music atmosphere as in Wagner’s works from the same period. Weber is remarkable representative of the Romantic Opera tendency, which during the 20s was very strong and found Wagner as a follower.

Weber’s talent could be felt in his 3 operas “Der Freischütz“, “Evrianta” and “Oberon”. His inspiration is various. The dramatic moments, the love ones, the thick parts of the music language, the fantastic element – all of this is thanks to Weber’s great gift.

Various images are presented by this musical poet with a delicate sensation, with remarkable reincarnations, with compelling melodicity.
Patriot by soul, Weber hadn’t developed only folk motives, but he also made new ones in a pure national spirit. His vocal melody at a fast speed rarely has some instrumental: it is like it was not written for a voice, but for an instrument, which can overcome the technical problems easily.

As a symphonist, Weber is a master of the orchestra.  His orchestral painting is full of imagination and has a peculiar color. Weber is a mostly opera composer; his symphonic works written for concert appearances give way to his overture. In the field of songs and instrumental chamber music, namely the compositions for piano, the composer leaves remarkable models.

Carl Maria von Weber

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