Giacomo Puccini

INFORMATION

Artist Birtday : 22/12/1858 (Age 66)
Born In : Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
Occupation(s) : Italian opera composer
Genres : opera
Web Site : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giacomo_Puccini

Giacomo Puccini (in Italian: Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini) is one of the most popular Italian opera composer.

Experts think that of him as a continuator of Giuseppe Verdi’s work. Giacomo Puccini is the last of the Italian opera composers, started in 17 century with Claudio Monteverdi, followed by Gioachino Rossini and Giuseppe Verdi.

In contrast to his predecessor, Puccini wrote lighter works in a new, realistic style, which became popular at the end of 19th century. His operas had distinguished from others by charming melodies and colorful women characters. Many of them are part of big opera theatres’ repertoire around the world, and the tree of his works: ” La bohème”(1896),  “Madama Butterfly” (1904) and “Turandot” (1924) became standard for the next generations composers.

Some of his arias are still very popular –  „O mio babbino caro“ from „Gianni Schicchi,“, „Che gelida manina“ from „La bohème“, „Nessun dorma“ from „Turandot“, „E lucevan le stelle“ from „Tosca“ and many more.

Giacomo Puccini was born on 22 December, 1858 in  the small Italian town Lucca, Tuscany and he was the last musician in the family of four generations musicians. Puccini was the eldest son of 9 children – 2 girls and 7 boys. His birthplace was very popular with local people’s love to music and the old preserve musical heritage. In Lucca was born Alfredo Catalani, the famous Francesco Gasparini, Luigi Boccherini and Francesco Geminiani. Four people from Puccini’s family were composers and had the tittle “Republic Lucca’s musician”.

In 1876, when Puccini is 17 years old, he traveled 40 km on foot to Pisa with his friends to listen to Verdi’s opera “Aida”. Puccini didn’t have any money so he sneaked out inside the building few hours before the performance. This visit had a huge influence on Puccini, so he had finally decided to become an opera composer. His mother succeeded in finding a small scholarship thanks to the town municipality so in 1880 Giacomo Puccini went to Milan, where he had started studying for 3 years in the Milan Conservatory.

Amintore  Galli was teaching him in Music Аesthetics and Amilcare Ponchielli, the famous author of “La Gioconda” and popular violin player was his composition teacher, and the composer of chamber music – the modernist Antonio Bazzini.From Bazzini Puccini acquired the symphony way of thinking and the exquisite elegance taste. From Ponchielli Puccini learned the emotional and content melody love.

Puccini was studying with Pietro Mascagni, they became very good friends and for some time they had a shared accomadation. 

As a student Puccini made mainly chamber works. He played organ and piano and by this time, in 1883 he wrote String Quartet in D major and Fuga for String Quartet. He met Ferdinando Fontana, the poet and they became working together in librettos of operas “Le Villi” and “Edgar”.

On 16 July 1883 Puccini had graduated from the Milan Conservatory and his final works the “Capriccio sinfonico”, was performed in a public concert in Milan. The guests and the music critics were very delighted. Also, this instrumental work drew attention to some famous musical circles in the city.

Giacomo Puccini
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