Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky


Artist Birtday : 07/05/1840 (Age 53)
Born In : Votkinsk, Russia
Genres : Russian composer of the romantic period
Web Site :

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (7 May, 1840 – 6 November, 1893) was a Russian composer of the romantic period. His various works contained symphonies, operas, ballet, instrumental and chamber music and songs. Tchaikovsky is author of one of the most popular concert and theatre works from the classics such as the ballets: “Swan LakeThe Sleeping Beauty” and “The Nutcracker“, the 1812 Overture, The Piano Concerto No.1, his last 3 symphonies and the opera “Eugene Onegin“.

Born in a middle-class family, Tchaikovsky had prepared himself to be an office clerk, despite his music talents.

He devoted to music despite his family’s opinion and in 1865 he graduated from the Saint Petersburg Conservatory. This formal education, oriented to Westeuropean music, separated him from the nationalist movement in the music, presented by the most prominent members of the group of young composers, known as The Mighty Handful.

Tchaikovsky‘s professional connections with them were very questionable. Despite his widespread popularity, Tchaikovsky remained emotionally uncertain throughout his life, which was marked by series of personal crises and periods of depression. This is due to his depressed homosexuality, his catastrophic marriage, and the sudden collapse of the only long-lasting bond in his life – 13 years relationship with the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck.
Despite the disorder in his personal life, Tchaikovsky’s  popularity had grown. Tchaikovsky received Еmperor’s honors, he had a lifelong pension and he was applauded in the concert halls all around the world. His sudden death at the age of 53 was because of cholera, but some think that it was a suicide.

Though popular among audiences around the world, Tchaikovsky’s music has often been dismissed by critics in the early and middle 20th century as vulgar, and with a lack of sophistication. By the end of the century, Tchaikovsky’s status as a significant composer was firmly established.

Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky
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